Important Questions for Class 12 Chapter 14 - Semiconductor Electronic: Material, Devices And Simple Circuits

Important questions based on NCERT syllabus for Chapter 14 - Semiconductor Electronic: Material, Devices And Simple Circuits:

Question-1: In an n-type silicon, which of the following statement is true:
(a) Electrons are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants.
(b) Electrons are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants.
(c) Holes are minority carriers and pentavalent atoms are the dopants.
(d) Holes are majority carriers and trivalent atoms are the dopants.

Solution:
The correct statement is (c).
In an n-type silicon, the electrons are the majority carriers, while the holes are the minority carriers. An n-type semiconductor is obtained when pentavalent atoms, such as phosphorus, are doped in silicon atoms.

Question-2: In an unbiased p-n junction, holes diffuse from the p-region to n-region because
(a) free electrons in the n-region attract them.
(b) they move across the junction by the potential difference.
(c) hole concentration in p-region is more as compared to n-region.
(d) All the above.

Solution:
The correct statement is (c).
The diffusion of charge carriers across a junction takes place from the region of higher concentration to the region of lower concentration. In this case, the p-region has greater concentration of holes than the n-region. Hence, in an unbiased p-n junction, holes diffuse from the p-region to the n-region.

Question-3: When a forward bias is applied to a p-n junction, it
(a) raises the potential barrier.
(b) reduces the majority carrier current to zero.
(c) lowers the potential barrier.
(d) None of the above.

Solution:
The correct statement is (c).
When a forward bias is applied to a p-n junction, it lowers the value of potential barrier.
In the case of a forward bias, the potential barrier opposes the applied voltage. Hence,
the potential barrier across the junction gets reduced.