Important Questions for Class 12 Chapter 1 - Reproduction in Organism

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Important questions based on NCERT syllabus for Chapter 1 - Reproduction in Organism:

Question-1: Which Is a better mode of reproduction: sexual or asexual? Why?

Solution: Sexual reproduction is a better mode of reproduction than asexual mode because the former contributes to the evolution of the species by introducing variation in a population and occurs much more rapidly. Variation in a population occurs because of the fusion of male and female gametes (sexual reproduction) carrying different sets of chromosomes.

Question-2: Why is the offspring formed by asexual reproduction referred to as clone?

Solution: Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction in which a single individual is capable of producing offspring. These offspring are not only genetically and morphologically similar to one another but also similar to their parent. Clone is the term given to individuals that are genetically and morphologically similar. Thus the offspring produced by asexual reproduction are called clones.

Question-3: Offspring formed due to sexual reproduction have better chances of survival. Why? Is this statement always true?

Solution: The offspring that are produced by sexual reproduction are not genetically identical to their parents. They exhibit variations because they receive chromosomes from two different parents. Since they show variation, they are highly adapted to the changing environment. Asexually produced organisms are genetically identical and all organism show similar adaptations. So, during any calamity, there is a possibility that the whole generation would destroy leading to extinction of species. However, this statement is not true always because of some inborn genetic disorder due to which organism have a risk in their survival, e.g., Haemophilia.